The Textiles and Clothing Industries (TCI) sector is considered strategic for the national economy.
It is the principal manufacturing sector in terms of export, employment and Value-Added. In fact, the sector counts 1 852 companies employing 10 people and more and employs more than 179 000 people, 34% of all manufacturing jobs. Over the 1 852 of textile enterprises, 1 548 are totally exported companies, 84% of the sector and 70% of the total exported companies installed in Tunisia.
820 companies are in partnership, of which 551 are wholly (100%) foreign owned.
During the period 2008-2012, the manufacturing sector increased from 6 189 MTND to 6 336.7 MTND, with an average annual rate of 1%. The value added of the sector represent 29% of the value of the production and 19% of manufacturing industries value-added. The sector’s exports declined from 5 183 MTND in 2008 to 4 916 MTND in 2012.
The European Union countries are the main customers of Tunisia for the textile products, with 34% intended for France, 28% in Italy, 10% in Germany ; then Belgium with 7% and Spain with 4%. Concerning the imports sector, they increased from 3 494,4 MTND in 2008 to 3 602,9 MTND in 2012, with a TCAM of 1%; 64% of the imports are provided by Italy, France, Germany, Belgium and Spain.
The average rate of imports by exports was 142% during the period 2008-2012. Until the 10/31/2013, the BMN approved 1 951 files of TCI sector companies, 1 395 MTND of total investment, including 267 MTND immaterial investments and 249,5 MTND of granted premiums. On the 1 852 units sector, 74 companies only chose the quality system, enabling them to be distinguished from the others, 9% of total of companies certified in manufacturing industries (823 companies).